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Table 2 Association between serum urate levels (μmolL−1) and tomato consumption (serves/week) adjusted for consumption of known serum urate influencing foods in the meta-analysis combined cohort

From: Positive association of tomato consumption with serum urate: support for tomato consumption as an anecdotal trigger of gout flares

  All1 Men Women2
Adjusted by β (95 % CI) P Het P β (95 % CI) P Het P β (95 % CI) P Het P
Red Meat 0.689 (0.177; 1.202) 0.008 0.607 0.855 ( −0.030; 1.740) 0.058 0.260 0.633 (0.030; 1.235) 0.040 0.726
Seafood/Fish 0.575 (0.060; 1.091) 0.029 0.485 0.765 ( −0.125; 1.655) 0.092 0.271 0.467 ( −0.139; 1.073) 0.131 0.637
Sugar −Sweetened Beverages 0.719 (0.207; 1.231) 0.006 0.459 0.909 (0.026; 1.792) 0.044 0.225 0.619 (0.017; 1.222) 0.044 0.593
Dairy Products 0.613 (0.102; 1.124) 0.019 0.600 0.689 ( −0.193; 1.572) 0.126 0.345 0.566 ( −0.035; 1.167) 0.065 0.611
Coffee 0.667 (0.154; 1.180) 0.011 0.544 0.854 ( −0.032; 1.740) 0.059 0.262 0.575 ( −0.027; 1.177) 0.061 0.564
Vitamin C 0.776 (0.253; 1.300) 0.004 0.570 0.889 ( −0.004; 1.782) 0.051 0.284 0.743 (0.124; 1.362) 0.019 0.797
Alcohol 0.534 (0.069; 1.000) 0.024 0.527 0.657 ( −0.114; 1.428) 0.095 0.089 0.468 ( −0.096; 1.032) 0.104 0.487
All Urate Influencing Foods 0.655 (0.173; 1.136) 0.008 0.332 0.665 ( −0.124; 1.45) 0.099 0.105 0.632 (0.045; 1.219) 0.035 0.779
  1. Adjusted for age, BMI, average calorie intake (kcal/day) and PCA vectors 1 and 2
  2. 1Also adjusted for sex and menopause status
  3. 2Also adjusted for menopause status