Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics by arm

From: Delivering an Optimised Behavioural Intervention (OBI) to people with low back pain with high psychological risk; results and lessons learnt from a feasibility randomised controlled trial of Contextual Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CCBT) vs. Physiotherapy

  CCBT (n = 45) N (%) Physiotherapy (n = 44) N (%) Total (n = 89) N (%)
Gender: Male 18 (40.0 %) 17 (38.6 %) 35 (39.3 %)
Age (years): Mean (standard deviation) 43.7 (16.33) 45.4 (15.82) 44.6 (16.01)
Main employment status    
Working full time 18 (40.0 %) 24 (54.5 %) 42 (47.2 %)
Working part time 5 (11.1 %) 7 (15.9 %) 12 (13.5 %)
At home and not looking for work 5 (11.1 %) 2 (4.5 %) 7 (7.9 %)
Unemployed and looking for work 7 (15.6 %) 1 (2.3 %) 8 (9.0 %)
Retired 8 (17.8 %) 7 (15.9 %) 15 (16.9 %)
Unable to work 1 (2.2 %) 2 (4.5 %) 3 (3.4 %)
Other 1 (2.2 %) 1 (2.3 %) 2 (2.2 %)
Age participant left full time education (n = 43) (n = 41) (n = 84)
16 or less 25 (58.1 %) 21 (51.2 %) 46 (54.8 %)
17-20 12 (27.9 %) 13 (31.7 %) 25 (29.8 %)
21 or over 6 (14.0 %) 6 (14.6 %) 12 (14.3 %)
Unknown 0 (0.0 %) 1 (2.4 %) 1 (1.2 %)
BPI pain interference score < =5 25 (55.6 %) 25 (56.8 %) 50 (56.2 %)
Duration of current episode of lower back pain (months) (n = 45) (n = 43) (n = 88)
Mean (standard deviation) 42.4 (37.97) 44.6 (36.09) 43.5 (36.87)
Median (range) 27.0 (3.0, 99.0) 36.0 (3.0, 99.0) 36.0 (3.0, 99.0)
First episode of pain: Yes 21 (46.7 %) 18 (40.9 %) 39 (43.8 %)
Other treatment received in the past (n = 24) (n = 26) (n = 50)
Physiotherapy 12 (50.0 %) 19 (73.1 %) 31 (62.0 %)
Medication 17 (70.8 %) 18 (69.2 %) 35 (70.0 %)
Manipulation 8 (33.3 %) 7 (26.9 %) 15 (30.0 %)
Acupuncture 5 (20.8 %) 4 (15.4 %) 9 (18.0 %)
Chiropractor 1 (4.2 %) 1 (3.8 %) 2 (4.0 %)
Osteopath 2 (8.3 %) 0 (0.0 %) 2 (4.0 %)
Other 3 (12.5 %) 6 (23.1 %) 9 (18.0 %)
None 3 (12.5 %) 2 (7.7 %) 5 (10.0 %)