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Table 2 Study demographics

From: A scoping review of the proximal humerus fracture literature

Characteristic Frequency
N (%)
(N = 1,051)
Geographic location of study  
  Europe 673 (64.0)
  North America 218 (20.7)
  Asia 106 (10.1)
  Middle East 21 (2.0)
  India 8 (0.8)
  Australasia 5 (0.5)
  South America/Central America 5 (0.5)
  Eurasia 3 (0.3)
  Africa 2 (0.2)
  International collaborations 10 (1.0)
Publication language  
  English 752 (71.6)
  German 134 (12.7)
  Chinese 51 (4.9)
  French 29 (2.8)
  Italian 25 (2/4)
  Czech 15 (1.4)
  Polish 7 (0.7)
  Russian 7 (0.7)
  Turkish 6 (0.6)
  Spanish 5 (0.5)
  Danish 4 (0.4)
  Greek 3 (0.3)
  Portuguese 3 (0.3)
  Slovak 3 (0.3)
  Bulgarian 1 (0.1)
  Croatian 1 (0.1)
  Farsi 1 (0.1)
  Hungarian 1 (0.1)
  Japanese 1 (0.1)
  Romanian 1 (0.1)
  Serbian 1 (0.1)
Study design  
  Case series 509 (48.4)
  Comparative study 125 (11.9)
  Basic science 123 (11.7)
  Review 116 (11.0)
  Surgical technique 56 (5.3)
  Randomized controlled trial 33 (3.1)
  Reliability 30 (2.9)
  Incidence/Prevalence 20 (1.9)
  Control 12 (1.1)
  Protocol 5 (0.5)
  Economic analysis 1 (0.1)
  Survey 1 (0.1)
  Other 9 (0.9)
  Unknown 11 (1.0)
Study perspective  
  Retrospective 411 (39.1)
  Prospective 259 (24.6)
  Not applicable 339 (32.3)
  Unable to classify 42 (4.0)