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Table 2 Baseline characteristics

From: Change in pain, disability and influence of fear-avoidance in a work-focused intervention on neck and back pain: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Control intervention N Work-focused intervention N
Women, n (%) 96(49%) 197 90 (45%) 201
Age (years), Mean (SD) Range (18–60) 41.08 (10.04) 197 40.09 (9.74) 201
Neck pain, n (%) 22 (11%) 197 21 (10%) 201
Norwegian mother tongue, n (%): 150 (77%) 196 160 (80%) 201
Education, n (%)   195   201
Primary school 30 (15%)   30 (15%)  
Vocational high school/general secondary school 105 (54%)   122 (61%)  
College/university <4 years 36 (19%)   31 (15%)  
College/university >4 years 24 (12%)   18 (9%)  
Occupational categories, n (%)   197   201
Low-skilled blue-collar 30 (15%)   37 (18%)  
High-skilled blue-collar 41 (21%)   46 (23%)  
Low-skilled white-collar 75 (38%)   64 (32%)  
High-skilled white-collar 51 (26%)   54 (27%)  
Smokers, n (%) 57 (29%) 195 59 (30%) 199
BMI, mean(SD) Range (16.7-45.5) 27.19 (5.03) 161 26.92 (4.68) 175
Pain, mean (SD)Range (0–10) 6.42 (2.08) 197 6.54 (2.02) 201
Disability, mean (SD)Range (8–80) 37.92 (12.88) 196 38.50 (13.78) 200
FABQ-P, mean (SD)Range (0–24) 13.74 (5.67) 192 13.85 (5.62) 196
FABQ-W, mean (SD) Range (0–42) 26.68 (10.16) 191 28.64 (9.83) 193
Depression (HAD-D), Mean (SD) Range (0–20) 5.31 (3.76) 189 5.26 (3.90) 192
Anxiety (HAD-A), Mean (SD) Range (0–18) 6.78 (3.93) 189 7.31 (4.00) 191
  1. BMI: Body mass index, FABQ-P: Fear avoidance beliefs of physical activity, FABQ-W: Fear avoidance beliefs of work, HAD: Hospital anxiety and depression score.