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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the patients

From: Functional outcome and cost-effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of acute scaphoid fractures: a cost-utility analysis

Variable Group A (Active PEMF) Group B (Placebo)
Number 51 51
Age – year* 35 (18 - 70) 34 (18 - 77)
Days between fracture and start of treatment* 4.25 (0 - 5) 3.69 (0 - 5)
Male (n, %) 40 (78) 38 (75)
Fracture in dominant hand (n,%) 28 (55) 29 (57)
Anatomical snuff box tenderness (n, %) 46 (90) 49 (96)
Pain with longitudinal compression (n, %) 39 (77) 45 (88)
Fracture type [17] (n, %)   
- Tubercle (A1) 9 (18) 9 (18)
- Transverse waist, undisplaced (A2) 19 (37) 20 (39)
- Oblique (B1) 15 (29) 18 (35)
- Transverse waist with distraction (B2) 8 (16) 4 (8)
Comorbidities (n, %)   
- None 34 (67) 38 (75)
- Osteoporosis 0 (0) 0 (0)
- Corticosteroids 0 (0) 1 (2)
- Multiple 1 (2) 1 (2)
Smoking (n, %) 16 (31) 11 (22)
  1. *Variables are denoted as mean (range).
  2. No significant differences were seen between groups.