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Table 1 Size and proportion of Modic Type 1 (M1), Type 2 (M2) and Type 3 (M3) at baseline and follow-up, and scores of low back symptoms at baseline and follow-up

From: Association between changes in lumbar Modic changes and low back symptoms over a two-year period

  Baseline Follow-up
(n = 124)2 (n = 126)2
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Size (%)1 20.7 (12.3) 24.4 (12.6)
Proportion (%) of   
 M1 74.2 (26.2) 40.6 (31.1)
 M2 23.9 (26.2) 56.2 (30.2)
 M3 1.9 (5.3) 3.2 (8.8)
Low back symptoms   
 Low back pain intensity (0–10) 6.5 (1.9) 5.2 (2.7)
 Oswestry Disability Index (0-100%) 33.2 (14.4) 28.1 (19.0)
  1. 1% from vertebral volume.
  2. 2Endplates with Modic changes.