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Table 1 ROM of four FE models at all motion segments

From: Biomechanical evaluation of a new pedicle screw-based posterior dynamic stabilization device (Awesome Rod System) - a finite element analysis

Motion Model L1-L2 (Degree) L2-L3 (Degree) L3-L4 (Degree) L4-L5 (Degree) Moment (Nm) L1-L5 stiffness (Nm/Degree)
Flexion INT 3.63 (100%) 3.74 (100%) 3.71 (100%) 5.22 (100%) 3.8 (100%) 0.23 (100%)
  AWE 4.85 (134%) 4.79 (128%) 4.72 (127%) 1.84 (35%) 8.4 (221%) 0.52 (226%)
  FUS 4.85 (134%) 4.86 (130%) 5.8 (156%) 0.76 (15%) 8.4 (221%) 0.52 (226%)
  AWEFUS 6.85 (189%) 6.93 (185%) 1.62 (44%) 0.89 (17%) 13.65 (359%) 0.84 (365%)
Extension INT 2.62 (100%) 2.23 (100%) 2.07 (100%) 2.01 (100%) 6.4 (100%) 0.72 (100%)
  AWE 3.18 (121%) 2.73 (122%) 2.7 (130%) 0.29 (14%) 8.05 (126%) 0.9 (125%)
  FUS 3.08 (118%) 2.63 (118%) 2.57 (124%) 0.55 (27%) 7.7 (120%) 0.87 (121%)
  AWEFUS 4.14 (158%) 3.56 (160%) 0.5 (24%) 0.74 (37%) 11.55 (180%) 1.29 (179%)
Lateral Bending INT 7.11 (100%) 5.2 (100%) 5.07 (100%) 5.01 (100%) 8.2 (100%) 0.37 (100%)
  AWE 9.42 (132%) 6.18 (119%) 5.73 (113%) 1.18 (24%) 11.9 (145%) 0.53 (143%)
  FUS 9.44 (133%) 6.21 (119%) 5.79 (114%) 0.94 (19%) 11.9 (145%) 0.53 (143%)
  AWEFUS 12.5 (176%) 8.03 (154%) 1.22 (24%) 0.56 (11%) 15.75 (192%) 0.71 (192%)
Torsion INT 5.58 (100%) 2.9 (100%) 3.4 (100%) 4.74 (100%) 9.7 (100%) 0.58 (100%)
  AWE 7.86 (141%) 3.14 (108%) 3.43 (101%) 2.18 (46%) 15.05 (155%) 0.91 (157%)
  FUS 8.08 (145%) 3.21 (111%) 3.5 (103%) 1.84 (39%) 15.4 (159%) 0.93 (160%)
  AWEFUS 9.5 (170%) 3.35 (116%) 1.79 (53%) 2.03 (43%) 17.85 (184%) 1.07 (184%)
  1. The percentages indicate the ROM of all models normalized by the ROM of INT.