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Table 3 Group comparisons of neck flexibility and proprioception

From: Evidence for a general stiffening motor control pattern in neck pain: a cross sectional study

  Neck pain (n = 75) Healthy controls (n = 91) p
Neck flexibility    
Flexion/extension (°) 1 110.1 (105.7-114.5) 126.2 (122.3-130.2) <0.01
CM (°)1 12.3 (11.3-13.3) 16.5 (15.6-17.4) <0.01
CM (°)2 12.9 (11.9-14.0) 16.0 (15.1-16.9) <0.01
CM (°)3 13.7 (12.4-15.0) 15.4 (14.4-16.3) 0.03
Peak velocity (°/s)1 70.6 (62.5-78.7) 115.6 (108.4-122.8) <0.01
Peak velocity (°/s)2 75.0 (66.8- 83.1) 112.1 (104.9-119.4) <0.01
Rotation (°) 1 128.2 (124.3-132.2) 140.7 (137.2-144.2) <0.01
CM (°)1 19.8 (18.0-21.6) 25.1 (23.5-26.7) <0.01
CM (°)2 20.6 (18.7-22.4) 24.5 (22.8-26.1) <0.01
CM (°)3 21.1 (19.2-23.1)) 24.0 (22.3-25.7) 0.04
Peak velocity (°/s)1 109.3 (98.9-119.7) 158.9 (149.6-168.3) <0.01
Peak velocity (°/s)2 114.3 (103.9-124.7) 154.9 (145.7-164.2) <0.01
Lateral flexion (°) 1 68.1 (64.7-71.6) 72.6 (69.5-75.7) 0.06
CM (°)1 45.7 (40.1-51.3) 62.5 (57.5-67.5) <0.01
CM (°)2 44.9 (39.4- 50.5) 63.1 (58.1-68.0) <0.01
CM (°)3 52.7 (47.6-57.7) 56.9 (52.4-61.4) 0.25
Peak velocity (°/s)1 57.9 (52.2-63.5) 85.7 (80.6-90.7) <0.01
Peak velocity (°/s)2 58.6 (53.0- 64.2) 85.1 (80.1-90.1) <0.01
Total cervical ROM (°) 1 306.5 (296.5-316.5) 339.5 (330.6-348.5) <0.01
Proprioception    
JPE (°)2 5.6 (5.2-6.1) 5.1 (4.6-5.5) 0.11
  1. Maximal cervical ROM, conjunct motion and peak velocity in the three primary neck movement planes.
  2. Given values are mean (95 % CI) adjusted for 3 different models of covariates.
  3. 1 Adjusted for age and gender (model 1).
  4. 2 Adjusted for age, gender, and cervical ROM (model 2).
  5. 3 Adjusted for age, gender, cervical ROM, and peak velocity (model 3).
  6. p = p- value. ROM = range of motion. CM = conjunct motion in the two accessory movement planes. JPE = joint position error.