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Table 7 Impact of current medication use on heal rate (HR) in the fresh fracture cohort

From: A cohort study of 4,190 patients treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS): findings in the elderly versus all patients

  Overall   Heal    Elderly   Heal
Medication Healed Failed Rate Lower CI Upper CI Healed Failed Rate
No medications at all 1,765 61 96.7% 95.8% 97.5% 228 11 95.4%
Non-NSAID analgesic 301 19 94.1% 91.5% 96.7% 48 4 92.3%
Prescription NSAIDs 159 14 91.9% 87.8% 96.0% 40 4 90.9%
Anticoagulants 107 9 92.2% 87.4% 97.1% 54 2 96.4%
Non-prescription NSAIDs 104 3 97.2% 94.1% 100.0% 31 0 100.0%
Steroids 93 8 92.1% 86.8% 97.3% 30 5 85.7%
Antibiotics 80 4 95.2% 90.7% 99.8% 14 2 87.5%
Insulin 75 6 92.6% 86.9% 98.3% 36 2 94.7%
Calcium channel blockers 62 6 91.2% 84.4% 97.9% 37 3 92.5%
  1. The overall average includes all patients, even if they use medications or are older than age 60. Then various medications are broken out, for the entire fresh fracture cohort overall, and for the elderly cohort (≥60 years of age) specifically. The HR for each comorbidity in shown, together with the upper and lower 95% confidence interval (CI) for each HR estimate. Italic HR numbers are below the CI associated with “All fractures.” In the “Elderly” group, italic HR numbers are below the CI for the corresponding fracture in the whole cohort. Elderly HR was comparable to the HR of the overall sample.