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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patients with primary Sjögren’s syndrome and nonspecific dryness syndrome

From: Clinical characteristics and biopsy accuracy in suspected cases of Sjögren’s syndrome referred to labial salivary gland biopsy

  Primary Sjögren’s syndrome (AECG) n = 65 Nonspecific dryness syndrome n = 132 *p-value
Age (years) 49.6 ± 12 45.8 ± 12.9 0.02
Gender (Women) 65 (98.5%) 123 (94.6%) 0.36
Oral symptoms 60 (90.9%) 95 (85.6%) 0.42
Ocular symptoms 61 (92.4%) 90 (81.1%) 0.07
Salivary flow (<0.1 ml/min) 53 (80.3%) 51 (46.4%) 0.00
Schirmer (≤5 mm) 42 (70.0%) 50 (56.2%) 0.13
Focal Sialoadenitis (focus score ≥ 1) 59 (89.4%) 7 (5.4%) 0.00
Anti-SSA and/or anti-SSB 21 (32.3%) 6 (6.2%) 0.00
Rheumatoid Factor (látex) 14 (25.9%) 22 (21.0%) 0.62
ANA 39 (66.1%) 44 (40.0%) 0.00
Fibromyalgia 41 (63%) 57 (43.6%) 0.01
Hypertension 26 (39.4%) 38 (29.2%) 0.20
Dyslipidemia 10 (15.2%) 12 (9.2%) 0.31
Diabetes Mellitus 4 (6.1%) 13 (10.0%) 0.52
Depression 8 (12.1%) 12 (9.2%) 0.70
Hyperthyroidism, Graves Disease 8 (12.1%) 9 (6.9%) 0.34
Osteoporosis/Osteopenia 8 (12.1%) 9 (6.9%) 0.34
Osteoarthritis 20 (30.3%) 28 (21.5%) 0.24
Neoplasia 5 (7.6%) 2 (1.5%) 0.08
  1. *Chi-square Test.