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Table 4 Internal/external torques and inversion/eversion moments at the ankle, normalised with respect to body weight*height.

From: Muscle performance and ankle joint mobility in long-term patients with diabetes

  Mean value (SD) t value of multiple comparisons
  C D DN C vs D C vs DN D vs DN
Internal rotation (p = 0.000) 1.12 (0.53) 0.83 (0.65) * 0.66 (0.38) * 2.575 3.753 1.467
External rotation (p = 0.003) 1.32 (0.50) 1.07 (0.69) 0.87 (0.47) * 2.105 3.482 1.636
Inversion (p = 0.278) 0.93 (0.36) 0.80 (0.48) 0.79 (0.49) - 1.393 -
Eversion (p = 0.000) 0.73 (0.25) 0.55 (0.28) * 0.46 (0.25) * 3.332 4.593 1.619
  1. Mean values and standard deviations are expressed in %Nm. Moments are referred to neutral position. Columns 2–4 show mean values and standard deviations; columns 5–7 show t values obtained from the comparisons of C vs D, C vs DN and D vs DN (ANOVA with Bonferroni correction, p < 0.05, t critical value = 2.355).
  2. C: controls; D: diabetic patients without neuropathy; DN: diabetic patients with neuropathy
  3. SD: standard deviation
  4. * C vs D or C vs DN (ANOVA with Bonferroni correction, p < 0.05 and t > 2.355)