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Table 1 Patients' baseline characteristics

From: Muscle performance and ankle joint mobility in long-term patients with diabetes

   C D DN
Patients   21 27 19
Male/Female   13/8 19/8 10/9
Age (years) mean (SD) 56.6 (11.8) 52.7 (12.7) 53.7 (10.4)
BMI (Kg/m2) mean (SD) 25.0 (3.1) 25.3 (3.4) 27.0 (4.9)
Type 1/Type 2   - 8/19 9/10
Diab. Duration (years) mean (SD) - 15.1 (9.3) 19.4 (9.3)
HbA1c (%) ° mean (SD) - 7.5 (1.5) 7.8 (1.8)
VPT toe (Volt) mean (SD) 5.3 (2.1) 14.7 (5.7) 31.5 (7.6) *
NDS   0 3.8 [0–5] 6.95 [6–8]*
Retinopathy (a/b/p)   - 24/0/3 9/5/5
Nephropathy (a/m/M)   - 26/1/0 16/2/1
  1. C: controls; D: diabetic patients without neuropathy; DN: diabetic patients with neuropathy
  2. SD: standard deviation
  3. * D vs DN; Student's t-test, p < 0.05
  4. a/b/p = absent, background, proliferative;
  5. a/m/M = absent/microalbuminuria/macroalbuminuria
  6. ° normal range: 4.3 – 5.9%.