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Table 3 Joint position sense (Mean difference between predetermined and reproduced angle ± SD)

From: Intra-articular temperatures of the knee in sports – An in-vivo study of jogging and alpine skiing

  30° 60° 90°
  Pre_implantation
Jogging 5.0° ± 2.89° 7.5° ± 3.8° 5.8° ± 4.5°
Skiing 5.0° ± 2.9° 6.7° ± 3.7° 4.2° ± 6.1°
  Post_implantation – Pre_activity
Jogging 11.7° ± 6.9° 8.3° ± 3.7° 9.2° ± 7.3°
Skiing 7.5° ± 9.0° 6.67° ± 3.73° 8.83° ± 3.73°
  Post-activity
Jogging 6.7° ± 7.5° 5.0° ± 4.1° 7.5° ± 2.5°
Skiing 3.3° ± 2.4° 5.8° ± 1.9° 7.5° ± 3.8°
  1. Implantation of the probe (post_implantation – pre activity) appeared to decrease the joint position sense