Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Rate of postoperative complications, requiring treatment, stratified by time-to-surgery

From: The effect of time-to-surgery on outcome in elderly patients with proximal femoral fractures

Group I II III p-value
Time from fracture to surgery ≤ 12 h > 12 h – ≤ 36 h > 36 h  
Cases (total = 2916) n = 802 n = 1191 n = 923  
Cardiovascular complications     
   No 778 (97.0) 1149 (96.5) 885 (95.9)  
   Yes 24 (3.0) 42 (3.5) 38 (4.1) 0.45
Pneumonia     
   No 787 (98.1) 1156 (97.1) 895 (97.0)  
   Yes 15 (1.9) 35 (2.9) 28 (3.0) 0.25
Pulmonary embolism/thrombosis     
   No 799 (99.6) 1185 (99.5) 914 (99.0)  
   Yes 3 (0.4) 6 (0.5) 9 (1.0) 0.23
Urinary tract infection     
   No 745 (92.9) 1103 (92.6) 836 (90.6)  
   Yes 57 (7.1) 88 (7.4) 87 (9.4) 0.13
Bed sores     
   No 797 (99.4) 1171 (98.3) 908 (98.4)  
   Yes 5 (0.6) 20 (1.7) 15 (1.6) 0.10
Post-op. bleeding/Hematoma     
   No 760 (94.8) 1140 (95.7) 894 (96.9)  
   Yes 42 (5.2) 51 (4.3) 29 (3.1) 0.09
Abcess (epi-/subfascial)     
   No 783 (97.6) 1166 (97.9) 903 (97.8)  
   Yes 19 (2.4) 25 (2.1) 20 (2.2) 0.92
Implant complications     
   No 777 (96.9) 1170 (98.2) 900 (97.5)  
   Yes 25 (3.1) 21 (1.8) 23 (2.5) 0.14
  1. Implant complications = misalignment, dislocation, breakage of implant, endoprothestic luxation