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Table 2 Fracture type and operative procedure, stratified by time-to-surgery

From: The effect of time-to-surgery on outcome in elderly patients with proximal femoral fractures

Group I II III p-value
Time from fracture to surgery ≤ 12 h > 12 h to ≤ 36 h > 36 h  
Cases (total = 2916) n = 802 n = 1191 n = 923  
Femoral neck fracture 277 (34.5) 584 (49.0) 605 (65.6)  
Pertrochanteric femoral fracture 525 (65.5) 607 (51.0) 318 (34.4) < 0.001
TEP A     
   No 738 (92.0) 1039 (87.2) 789 (85.5) < 0.001
   Yes 64 (8.0) 152 (12.8) 134 (14.5)  
HEP B     
   No 630 (78.6) 830 (69.7) 516 (55.9) < 0.001
   Yes 172 (21.4) 361 (30.3) 407 (44.1)  
Osteosynthesis     
   No 246 (30.7) 538 (45.2) 546 (59.2) < 0.001
   Yes 556 (69.3) 653 (54.8) 377 (40.8)  
Length of operation     
   < 60 min 324 (41.4) 466 (40.0) 356 (39.6)  
   ≥ 60 to < 120 min 398 (50.9) 624 (53.6) 480 (53.5)  
   ≥ 120 min 60 (7.7) 74 (6.4) 62 (6.9) 0.68
Anesthesia procedure     
   General anesthetic 597 (74.9) 840 (71.8) 672 (74.1)  
   Regional anesthetic 200 (25.1) 330 (28.2) 235 (25.9) 0.26
Intra- and post-op. blood products     
   none 377 (48.4) 532 (46.1) 444 (50.0)  
   1–2 units 300 (38.5) 441 (38.2) 312 (35.1)  
   3–4 units 79 (10.1) 142 (12.3) 99 (11.2)  
   > 4 units 23 (3.0) 40 (3.4) 33 (3.7) 0.42
  1. A Total endoprostheses; B Hemi endoprostheses