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Table 4 Association between beliefs about back pain and self-reported low back disability

From: Negative beliefs about low back pain are associated with high pain intensity and high level disability in community-based women

Back Beliefs Questionnaire statements Participants with negative beliefs about back pain* n (%) Univariable analysis
(Chi-square)
  No disability
(n = 398)
Low disability
(n = 71)
High disability
(n = 37)
 
There is no real treatment for back trouble 33 (8.3) 9 (12.7) 7 (18.9) 0.07
Back trouble will eventually stop you from working 46 (11.6) 16 (22.5) 19 (51.4) <0.0001
Back trouble means periods of pain for the rest of one's life 104 (26.1) 21 (29.6) 29 (78.4) <0.0001
Back trouble makes everything in life worse 123 (30.9) 24 (33.8) 17 (45.9) 0.2
Back trouble may mean you end up in a wheelchair 42 (10.6) 8 (11.3) 8 (21.6) 0.1
Back trouble means long periods of time off from work 37 (9.3) 4 (5.6) 8 (21.6) 0.02
Once you have had back trouble there is always a weakness 194 (48.7) 34 (47.9) 24 (64.9) 0.2
Back trouble must be rested 68 (17.1) 12 (16.9) 11 (29.7) 0.2
Later in life back trouble gets progressively worse 128 (32.2) 30 (42.3) 22 (59.5) 0.002
Total score (mean, SD) 31.3 (5.7) 30.2 (6.3) 24.8 (5.7) <0.0001
  1. * Selected agree or completely agree, which is a score of 4 or 5 respectively.