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Table 3 Characteristics of the Eligible Trials (N = 76 Trials)

From: The orthopaedic trauma literature: an evaluation of statistically significant findings in orthopaedic trauma randomized trials

Characteristics No. of Studies (Percent) JOT JBJS-Am JBJS-Br CORR Acta Orth. Scand Journal of Trauma Injury Foot and Ankle Internat. Journal Hand-Br.
1. First Author:           
     Surgeon: 73/76 (96.0%) 15/16 10/10 13/14 8/9 8/8 8/8 5/5 2/2 4/4
     Non-Surgeon: 3/76 (4%) 1/16 0/10 1/14 1/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
     Epidemiologist: 0 (0%) 0/16 0/10 0/14 0/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
2. Epidemiology Affiliation:           
     Yes: 16/76 (21.0%) 0/16 2/10 10/14 0/9 1/8 3/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
     No: 60/76 (78.9%) 16/16 8/10 4/14 9/9 7/8 5/8 5/5 2/2 4/4
3. Geographical Location:           
     North America: 24/76 (32%) 9/16 6/10 1/14 5/9 0/8 2/8 0/5 1/2 0/4
     Europe (includes England): 44/76 (58%) 7/16 4/10 10/14 4/9 8/8 2/8 4/5 1/2 4/4
     Australia or New Zealand: 1/76 (1.%) 0/16 0/10 1/14 0/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
     Asia: 6/76 (8%) 0/16 0/10 2/14 0/9 0/8 3/8 1/5 0/2 0/4
     Israel: 1/76 (1%) 0/16 0/10 0/14 0/9 0/8 1/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
4. Category of Intervention:           
     Fracture Treatment: 70/76 (92.1%) 16/16 9/10 12/14 8/9 7/8 7/8 5/5 2/2 4/4
     Other Treatment: 5/76 (6.6%) 0/16 1/10 1/14 1/9 1/8 1/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
     Vascular Treatment: 1/76 (1.3%) 0/16 0/10 1/14 0/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
5. Region of Body:           
     Upper Extremities: 16/76 (21.0%) 2/16 5/10 2/14 0/9 0/8 1/8 2/5 0/2 4/4
     Lower Extremity Long Bones: 23/76 (30.3%) 9/16 1/10 4/14 2/9 1/8 5/8 1/5 0/2 0/4
     Spine: 2/76 (2.6%) 0/16 1/10 0/14 1/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
     Hip: 28/76 (36.8%) 4/16 2/10 6/14 6/9 6/8 2/8 2/5 0/2 0/4
     Foot and Ankle 4/76 (5.3%) 0/16 1/10 0/14 0/9 1/8 0/8 0/5 2/2 0/4
     Knee: 2/76 (2.6%) 1/16 0/10 1/14 0/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
     Upper and Lower Extremity: 1/76 (1.3%) 0/16 0/10 1/14 0/9 0/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 0/4
6. Single or Multicentred:           
     Single: 63/76 (83%) 15/16 6/10 13/14 6/9 5/8 8/8 5/5 2/2 3/4
     Multicentred: 13/76 (17%) 1/16 4/10 1/14 3/9 3/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 1/4
7. Funding:           
     Yes: 17/76 (22%) 2/16 4/10 4/14 2/9 4/8 0/8 0/5 0/2 1/4
     No: 27/76 (36%) 10/16 4/10 10/14 1/9 0/8 0/8 1/5 0/2 1/4
     Unknown: 32/76 (42%) 4/16 2/10 0/14 6/9 4/8 8/8 4/5 2/2 2/4
  1. * JBJS = Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, JOT = Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma; CORR = Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research