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Table 2 Mean pre- and post-interventional self-rated pain score or severity and range of motion (ROM) of the affected shoulder

From: Interventional microadhesiolysis: A new nonsurgical release technique for adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder

Variable Pre Post p-value
Self-rated pain score or severity    
   Overalla (VAS) 7.6 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.8 .0020
   Painb at night 4.2 ± 1.3 1.2 ± 0.6 .0039
   Painb at rest 2.4 ± 1.0 1.2 ± 0.4 .0078
   Painb on activity 3.6 ± 0.5 1.8 ± 0.4 .0020
Glenohumeral range of motion (deg)    
   Abduction 86.5 ± 5.8 172.0 ± 11.4 .0020
   External rotation 33.0 ± 6.3 77.5 ± 17.2 .0020
   Internal rotation 16.5 ± 4.7 49.5 ± 10.1 .0020
  1. aEvaluated using the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score.
  2. bEvaluated using the self-rated severity of pain (1 = none, 2 = mild, 3 = moderate, 4 = severe, 5 = very severe pain).