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Table 3 Changes in health-related factors. Within-group changes after ten weeks and nine months compared with baseline.

From: Effects of work ability and health promoting interventions for women with musculoskeletal symptoms: A 9-month prospective study

  Baseline p 1 10-week follow-up 9-month follow-up p 2 p 3
General health       
1: Severity of symptoms (0–10) *       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 6 (3–9) 5 (0–8) 0.083 5 (3–7) 4 (1–10) 5 (1–10) 5 (2–10) 0.023 0.819 0.113 0.924
2: State of health (1–5)       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 3 (2–4) 4 (2–5) 0.224 3 (2–5) 4 (1–5) 4 (2–5) 4 (2–5) 0.265 0.793 0.097 0.782
3: Mental strain (1–5) *       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 3 (1–5) 3 (1–5) 0.455 3 (1–4) 3 (1–5) 2 (1–4) 2 (1–4) 0.776 0.297 0.070 0.169
Coping in relation to pain       
1: Positive distraction (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 3.5 (1.5–5.5) 2.5 (0–4.5) 0.082 3 (0–5) 3 (1.5–5) 3 (0–6) 3.5 (2.5–4.5) 0.681 0.059 0.134 0.002
2: Catastrophic thinking (0–6) *       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 3 (1–6) 2 (0–4.5) 0.051 2.5 (1–6) 2.5 (0–4.5) 3 (0.5–4.5) 2 (0–4.5) 0.482 0.352 0.237 0.784
3: Ignoring pain (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 3 (0–5) 3.5 (1–5) 0.087 3.5 (1.5–6) 3.5 (1.5–5.5) 3.5 (1–4.5) 4.2 (1.5–5.5) 0.052 0.310 1.000 0.048
Self-efficacy in relation to pain       
1: Control pain (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 4 (0–5) 3 (2–6) 0.947 4 (2–5) 4 (3–6) 3.5 (0–5) 4 (2–6) 0.577 0.040 0.366 0.071
2: Reduce pain (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group Ergonomic group 3 (1–5) 3 (2–6) 0.422 4 (2–6) 4 (3–5) 3 (1–6) 4 (2–6) 0.054 0.130 0.913 0.580
  1. * High values represent a bad level for the items 'severity of symptoms', 'mental strain' and 'catastrophic thinking'.
  2. A high value is good for all other items.
  3. Abbreviations as in Table 2.