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Table 3 Changes in health-related factors. Within-group changes after ten weeks and nine months compared with baseline.

From: Effects of work ability and health promoting interventions for women with musculoskeletal symptoms: A 9-month prospective study

  Baseline p 1 10-week follow-up 9-month follow-up p 2 p 3
General health       
1: Severity of symptoms (0–10) *       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
6 (3–9)
5 (0–8)
0.083 5 (3–7)
4 (1–10)
5 (1–10)
5 (2–10)
0.023
0.819
0.113
0.924
2: State of health (1–5)       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
3 (2–4)
4 (2–5)
0.224 3 (2–5)
4 (1–5)
4 (2–5)
4 (2–5)
0.265
0.793
0.097
0.782
3: Mental strain (1–5) *       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
3 (1–5)
3 (1–5)
0.455 3 (1–4)
3 (1–5)
2 (1–4)
2 (1–4)
0.776
0.297
0.070
0.169
Coping in relation to pain       
1: Positive distraction (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
3.5 (1.5–5.5)
2.5 (0–4.5)
0.082 3 (0–5)
3 (1.5–5)
3 (0–6)
3.5 (2.5–4.5)
0.681
0.059
0.134
0.002
2: Catastrophic thinking (0–6) *       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
3 (1–6)
2 (0–4.5)
0.051 2.5 (1–6)
2.5 (0–4.5)
3 (0.5–4.5)
2 (0–4.5)
0.482
0.352
0.237
0.784
3: Ignoring pain (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
3 (0–5)
3.5 (1–5)
0.087 3.5 (1.5–6)
3.5 (1.5–5.5)
3.5 (1–4.5)
4.2 (1.5–5.5)
0.052
0.310
1.000
0.048
Self-efficacy in relation to pain       
1: Control pain (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
4 (0–5)
3 (2–6)
0.947 4 (2–5)
4 (3–6)
3.5 (0–5)
4 (2–6)
0.577
0.040
0.366
0.071
2: Reduce pain (0–6)       
Self-efficacy group
Ergonomic group
3 (1–5)
3 (2–6)
0.422 4 (2–6)
4 (3–5)
3 (1–6)
4 (2–6)
0.054
0.130
0.913
0.580
  1. * High values represent a bad level for the items 'severity of symptoms', 'mental strain' and 'catastrophic thinking'.
  2. A high value is good for all other items.
  3. Abbreviations as in Table 2.