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Table 1 Comparison of traditional (TEP) and core stabilization exercise (CSEP) programs

From: Rationale, design, and protocol for the prevention of low back pain in the military (POLM) trial (NCT00373009)

Exercise CSEP TEP
Principle Lower load, less repetitions Higher load, more repetitions
Activation Slower Faster
Trunk movements None to minimal Full
Dosage 5 minutes/day 5 minutes/day
#1 Abdominal drawing-in maneuver crunch Traditional sit-up
#2 Left and right horizontal side support Sit-up with left trunk rotation
#3 Hip flexor squat ('wood-chopper') Sit-up with right trunk rotation
#4 Supine shoulder bridge Abdominal crunch
#5 Quadruped alternate arm and leg Traditional sit-up
  1. TEP, traditional exercise program; CSEP, core stabilization exercise program