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Table 1 Characteristics of Study Population

From: Risk of falling in patients with a recent fracture

Characteristic Total group (n = 277)   Fallers (n = 42)   Non fallers (n = 235)   p-value
  % n % n % n  
Sex (female) 72 200 88 37 69 163 0.013*
Age, mean (range) years 67.1 (50–91)   69.9 (51–86)   66.6 (50–91)   0.069
Living at home 93 254 91 38 94 216 0.478
Low energy trauma 89 246 100 42 87 204 0.012*
Bone Mineral Density §        
   Normal (Tscore > -1) 24 61 19 7 25 54 0.438
   Osteopenia (Tscore ≤ -1 and > -2.5) 47 119 47 17 47 102 0.945
   Osteoporosis (Tscore ≤ -2.5) 29 72 33 12 28 60 0.323
Weight, mean (range) kg 71.8 (40–120)   71.9 (45–115)   71.8 (40–120)   0.945
Fracture type        
   Upper extremity 43 119 36 15 44 104 0.430
   Lower extremity 48 134 57 24 47 110 0.305
   Trunk 5 15 5 2 6 13 0.922
   Multiple fractures 3 9 2 1 3 8 0.899
Diabetes 17 47 24 10 16 37 0.200
Orthostatic hypotension ** 12 33 19 8 11 25 0.235
Medication        
   Antihypertensive 32 89 41 17 31 72 0.337
   Benzodiazepines 9 26 14 6 9 20 0.473
   Antidepressive 9 26 12 5 9 21 0.750
   Anti-rheumatics 5 13 7 3 4 10 0.649
Fall risk factors        
   Mobility (TGUGT) 59 164 71 30 57 134 0.080
   ≥2 falls in previous year 30 84 43 18 28 66 0.055
   Use of benzodiazepines 10 28 10 4 10 24 0.891
   ADL difficulties 31 85 50 21 27 64 0.003*
   Osteoarthritis 34 95 31 13 35 82 0.620
   Visual impairment 18 50 24 10 17 40 0.292
   Urinary incontinence 18 50 29 12 16 38 0.054
   Parkinson's disease 1 2 0 0 1 2 0.548
  1. * significant: p < .05
  2. § results of 252 subjects
  3. ** (20 mmHg drop in systolic BP and/or 10 mmHg drop in diastolic BP 1 minute after standing)
  4. Mean (range)
  5. Fall risk factor according to the Dutch guideline on fall prevention (TGUGT: Timed Get Up and Go Test: cut off at 12 seconds; ADL difficulties: fall risk if he or she had difficulties with a least two out of the three following questions of Gronigen Activity Restriction Scale: a) Can you, fully independently, go up and down the stairs; b) Can you, fully independently, walk outdoors (if necessary with a cane); and c) Can you, fully independently, take care of your feet and toenails?; Visual impaiment: cut off at visual acuity less than 0.4;