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Table 2 Secondary Outcomes†

From: A pragmatic randomised controlled trial of hydrotherapy and land exercises on overall well being and quality of life in rheumatoid arthritis

  Hydrotherapy Land Exercises
Outcome Measure Baseline N = 57 Immediately Post Treatment N = 44 3 mo. post treatment N = 43 Baseline N = 58 Immediately Post Treatment N = 40 3 mo. Post treatment N = 42
EQ-5D Utility 0.69 (0.52–0.80) 0.69 (0.59–0.78) p = 0.61 0.62 (0.52–0.76) p = 0.044 0.69 (0.59–0.76) 0.68 (0.59–0.79) p = 0.57 0.66 (0.52–0.76) p = 0.044
EQ-5D VAS (0–100) 70 (50–85) 73 (55–85)** p = 0.57 70 (44–80) p = 0.08 74 (60–86)* 77 (60–90) p = 0.42 75 (51–88)*** p = 0.63
HAQ (0–3) 1.38 (0.69–2.00) 1.50 (1.06–1.84) p = 0.09 1.63 (1.13–1.88) p = 0.23 1.50 (0.88–2.00)* 1.44 (0.78–1.84) p = 0.20 1.38 (0.84–1.91) p = 0.77
Pain (100 mm VAS, 0 = no pain) 24 (10–50) 25.5 (11–41) p = 0.40 35 (14–62) p = 0.026 26.5 (14–51) 27.5 (15–58) p = 0.22 42.5 (16–59) p = 0.005
10 m walk time (seconds) 10.9 (7.9–12.8) 9.1 (7.2–10.7) p < 0.001 10.0 (8.0–12.0)** p = 0.011 10.2 (8.8–13.2) 8.8 (6.9–11.3) p < 0.001 9.0 (7.7–11.3) p < 0.001
  1. † Values are medians with lower and upper quartiles in parentheses and p values for comparison with baseline
  2. * n = 57 ** n = 42 *** n = 41