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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population.

From: Kinesiophobia in patients with non-traumatic arm, neck and shoulder complaints: a prospective cohort study in general practice

Variables Total population (n = 679)    Internal missings (n items)
Patient characteristics    
   Age (yrs) (18–64), median (range)   0 45.0 (18–64)
   Male, n (%)   0 281 (41.4)
   Educational levela, n (%) low 0 243 (35.8)
  medium   242 (35.6)
  high   194 (28.6)
   Having paid work,n (%)   0 532 (78.4)
   Active sports participation, = 1 h/week, n (%)   0 302 (44.5)
Complaint- specific determinants    
   Duration of the complaint, n (%); n = 678 0-6 weeks 1 343 (50.6)
  6 weeks-6 months   161 (23.7)
  > 6 months   174 (25.7)
   Severity in the last week (0–10), median (range); n = 677   2 6 [1–10]
   Disability, DASH (0–100), median (range); n = 678   3 35.3 (2.6–99.1)
   Comorbidity musculoskeletal, n (%)   0 330 (48.6)
   Recurrent complaint, n (%)   0 191 (28.0)
   Multiple- sited complaint   0 263 (38.7)
   Location, n (%) neck 0 211 (31.1)
  upper back   53 (7.8)
  shoulder   374 (55.1)
  upper arm   86 (12.7)
  elbow   147 (21.6)
  forearm   41 (6.0)
  wrist   47 (6.9)
  hand   86 (12.7)
Psychosocial characteristics    
   Kinesiophobia, Tampa-AV 13-item scale (13–52) median (range) 0 24.0 (13–46)
  mean (SD)   24.8 (6.2)
   Social support, SOS (12–60), median (range)   0 56.0 (26–60)
   Catastrophizing, CSQ (0–60), median (range); n = 678   6 9.0 (0–53)
   Somatization, 4DSQ (0–48), n (%), n = 678 low (0–10) 21 500 (73.8)
  medium (11–20)   148 (21.8)
  high (21–32)   30 (4.4)
   Distress, 4DSQ (0–48) n (%) low (0–10) 0 430 (63.4)
  medium (11–20)   170 (25.0)
  high (21–32)   79 (11.6)
Yes, I can influence my health through my own behaviour, n (%)   0 401 (59.1)
  1. SD: standard deviation; n = number of patients. a Educational level: low: no education, primary school or lower vocational school; medium: lower or higher general secondary school level or middle vocational school); high: higher vocational school or university); b More than one location is possible; DASH = disability of arm shoulder and hand questionnaire;4DSQ = four-dimensional symptom questionnaire; SOS = social support scale ;CSQ = coping strategy questionnaire; TAMPA-AV = Tampa adjusted version.