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Table 4 Regression of outcomes on demographic and baseline values, treatment group and LH high or low. AR = active rehabilitation; MT = manual therapy; VAS = visual analogue scale; PRI = pain rated index; RMQ Roland Morris Questionnaire; Unemp = unemployed.

From: A comparison of manual therapy and active rehabilitation in the treatment of non specific low back pain with particular reference to a patient's Linton & Hallden psychological screening score: a pilot study

  VAS PRI RMQ
Parameter Coefficient (95% CI) p Coefficient (95% CI) p Coefficient(95% CI) p
Treatment (AR) 15.8 (-6.0,37.5) 0.149 7.9 (0.4,15.5) 0.041 3.9 (0.1,7.7) 0.043
Male -13.8 (-29.8,2.2) 0.089 -5.9 (-11.6,-.13) 0.045 -3.9 (-6.7,-1.2) 0.007
Employed* 7.0 0.456 0.2 0.941 2.0 0.250
Off sick* 24.7 0.107 12.3 0.021 3.6 0.169
Unemp* 24.3 0.295 22.8 0.008 4.7 0.250
LH Low -8.5 (-28.9,12.0) 0.405 4.3 (-2.8,11.3) 0.228 0.9 (-3.0,4.8) 0.637
Age -0.91 (-0.6,0.6) 0.977 0.1 (-0.1,0.3) 0.425 0.004 (-0.113,0.120) 0.951
Chronicity -0.03–0.2, 0.1 0.648 -0.01 (-0.05,0.04) 0.788 -0.008 (-0.032,0.017) 0.527
AR × LH low -3.7 (-33.2,25.9) 0.802 -5.6 (-15.5,4.4) 0.259 -0.6 (-5.6,4.5) 0.820
Baseline 0.28 0.098 0.6 (0.3,1.0) 0.001 0.7 (0.4,1.1) 0.000
  1. * compared to retired/not looking for work
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