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Table 8 Odds ratio for LBP risk factors

From: The Prevalence of low back pain in Africa: a systematic review

Author Risk factor Odds ratio(95% CI)
Omokhodion et al 200416 Past history of smoking 6.24 (1.33–29.23)
Jordaan et al 200528 Smoking tobacco 1.69 (1.03–3.07)
Omokhodion et al 200416 Farming 4.06 (1.24–12.95)
Prista et al 200427 Urban school area 3.07 (0.99–9.48)
Prista et al 200427 Walking >30 min 4.76 (1.61–14.28)
Bejia et al 200534 School failure 2.6 (1.96–3.8)
Bejia et al 200534 Football 3.07 92.15–5.1)
Bejia et al 200534 Dissatisfaction with school chair 3.4 (2.24–5.29)
Bejia et al 2005 (adults)36 LBP history 18.6 (2.92–35.04)
Bejia et al 2005 (adults)36 LBP history 6.46 (1.86–17.52)
Omokhodion et al 200416 History of trauma 4.14 (1.99–8.61)
Bejia et al 200534 LBP family history 3.8 (2.94–5.92)
Bejia et al 2005 (adults)36 Psychological profile 1.93 (1.01–3.9)
Bejia et al 2005 (adults)36 Married/divorced 4.79 (1.56–22.57)