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Table 4 LBP definitions of high-quality studies

From: The Prevalence of low back pain in Africa: a systematic review

Author Back pain definition
Bezzaoucha 199221 Existence of pain in the lumbar region
Wallner-Schlotfedlt et al 200030 Pain in the lumbar region
Omokhodion 200226 Graphic representation of lumbar area
Govender 200432 Pain between the 12th rib and gluteal fold
Puckree et al 200433 Pain in specific region of the body
Prista et al 200427 Pain in the lumbar area
Fabunmi et al 200541 A condition of pain, aches, stiffness, or fatique localized to lower back or lumbosacral region of spine
Jordaan et al 200528 Pain or discomfort in the lower part of your back
Bejia et al 200536 Mechanical pain of the lower part of your back
Galukande et al 200538 Pain limited to the region between the lower margins of the 12th rib and the gluteal folds