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Table 1 Lumbar spinal mean ranges of motion by operator over all 3 days

From: Reliability of lumbar spinal palpation, range of motion, and determination of position

Operator Movement Mean ROM (degrees) Confidence Interval
A Sagittal 89.9 (89.6, 90.2)
  Coronal 54.0 (53.7, 54.3)
  Horizontal 14.4 (14.2, 14.6)
B Sagittal 90.6 (90.2, 91.0)
  Coronal 54.3 (53.7, 54.9)
  Horizontal 14.8 (14.5, 15.1)
C Sagittal 90.5 (90.0, 91.0)
  Coronal 54.9 (54.5, 55.3)
  Horizontal 14.4 (14.1, 14.7)