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Table 4 Responses to Vignette A and their association with experience of pain

From: Do community pharmacists have the attitudes and knowledge to support evidence based self-management of low back pain?

   Number (%)
Suggestions (n = 315) Pain* Yes No
1. Advise her that she must continue to rest? None 24 (27.0) 65 (73.0)
χ2 = 6.7 df = 2 p = 0.035 Short 34 (18.1) 154 (81.9)
  Long 3 (7.9) 35 (92.1)
  Total 61 (19.4) 254 (80.6)
2. Suggest adequate analgesia? None 85 (95.5) 4 (4.5)
χ2 = 2.4 df = 2 p = 0.300 Short 177 (94.1) 11 (5.9)
  Long 38 (100) 0 (0)
  Total 300 (95.2) 15 (4.8)
3. Tell her to avoid any movement that hurts? None 45 (50.6) 44 (49.4)
χ2 = 6.5 df = 2 p = 0.040 Short 85 (45.2) 103 (54.8)
  Long 10 (26.3) 28 (73.7)
  Total 140 (44.4) 175 (55.6)
4. Suggest that swimming or movement in water might be helpful? None 59 (66.3) 30 (33.7)
χ2 = 9.5 df = 2 p = 0.008 Short 142 (75.5) 46 (24.5)
  Long 35 (92.1) 3 (7.9)
  Total 236 (74.9) 79 (25.1)
5. Suggest that carrying on with her usual activities as far as possible is the best thing she could do? None 43 (48.3) 46 (51.7)
χ2 = 0.7 df = 2 p = 0.701 Short 99 (52.9) 88 (47.1)
  Long 21 (55.3) 17 (44.7)
  Total 163 (51.9) 151 (48.1)
6. Reassure her that back pain affects nearly everyone at some time but usually settles quickly? None 30 (33.7) 59 (66.3)
χ2 = 11.6 df = 2 p = 0.003 Short 102 (54.3) 86 (45.7)
  Long 22 (57.9) 16 (42.1)
  Total 154 (48.9) 161 (51.1)
7. Warn her that back pain often gets worse before it gets better? None 7 (7.9) 82 (92.1)
χ2 = 1.2 df = 2 p = 0.546 Short 11 (5.9) 177 (94.1)
  Long 4 (10.5) 34 (89.5)
  Total 22 (7.0) 293 (93.0)
  1. *See first footnote to Table 3.