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Table 4 Mean total costs (in EURO) during 12 months follow-up (main analysis)*

From: Surgery is more cost-effective than splinting for carpal tunnel syndrome in the Netherlands: results of an economic evaluation alongside a randomized controlled trial

Costs Surgery (n = 79) Splint (n = 88) Difference **
Direct health care costs 216 (161) 273 (163) -57 (-103;-10)
Direct non-health care costs 366 (1,213) 412 (1,124) -46 (-379;325)
Total direct costs 582 (1,256) 684 (1,198) -103 (-472;316)
Indirect costs 1,544 (3,508) 1,427 (4,514) 118 (-1,034;1,448)
Total costs 2,126 (4,618) 2,111 (5,568) 15 (-1,458;1,913)
  1. EURO 1 = US $0.90; * Presented are the mean (standard deviation) costs; ** Presented are the differences in mean costs between the treatment groups (95% confidence interval obtained by bias corrected and accelerated bootstrapping).