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Table 4 Mean costs (€) made in 26 weeks after first consultation for shoulder complaints (n = 492)

From: Costs of shoulder pain in primary care consulters: a prospective cohort study in The Netherlands

  week 1–6 week 7–12 week 13–26 Total (week 1–26)
Direct health care costs 69 ± 66 32 ± 57 52 ± 179 152 ± 232
General Practitioner 31 ± 17 4 ± 54 5 ± 14 40 ± 29
Allied health professionals 34 ± 62 25 ± 53 34 ± 87 93 ± 158
Specialists 2 ± 12 1 ± 9 5 ± 26 8 ± 36
Prescribed medication 2 ± 6 1 ± 3 1 ± 4 4 ± 10
Hospitalisation - - 6 ± 138 6 ± 138
Direct non-health care costs 30 ± 102 26 ± 108 41 ± 146 98 ± 293
Alternative therapists 5 ± 33 3 ± 28 8 ± 55 16 ± 94
Over-the-counter medication 2 ± 9 1 ± 9 4 ± 51 7 ± 58
Out-of-pocket expenses 2 ± 16 1 ± 8 1 ± 6 4 ± 21
Home care 1 ± 10 0.4 ± 7 2 ± 17 3 ± 27
Paid help 4 ± 31 5 ± 37 6 ± 49 15 ± 107
Help from partner/relatives/friends 10 ± 75 7 ± 76 8 ± 54 25 ± 168
Extra activities 7 ± 34 8 ± 45 12 ± 59 28 ± 100
Total direct costs 99 ± 130 58 ± 134 93 ± 244 250 ± 408
Indirect costs     
Sick leave from paid work 125 ± 654 69 ± 461 130 ± 790 324 ± 1635
Sick leave from unpaid work 16 ± 83 12 ± 85 13 ± 82 42 ± 208
Unable to perform usual activities 12 ± 66 7 ± 57 9 ± 63 28 ± 139
Unable to perform hobbies 24 ± 85 10 ± 49 12 ± 59 46 ± 140
Total indirect costs 177 ± 711 99 ± 505 164 ± 829 439 ± 1751
Total costs 276 ± 758 156 ± 564 257 ± 962 689 ± 1965
  1. Presented are group means, and standard deviations.