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Table 5 Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for neck and low back health outcomes during 12 years of follow-up according to reported symptoms at survey 1 (N = 1,347).

From: Primary care consultation, hospital admission, sick leave and disability pension owing to neck and low back pain: a 12-year prospective cohort study in a rural population

  Primary care Sick leave Disability pension
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
No neck or low back pain 1   1   1  
Current neck and/or low back pain, crude 4.79 2.73–8.41 4.16 1.65–10.4 12.1 1.65–88.4
Current neck and/or low back pain, adjusted1 4.10 2.24–7.49 3.22 1.13–9.22 6.34 0.83–48.2
   Age 0.97 0.94–1.00    1.07 1.00–1.15
   Educational index    0.75 0.58–0.98 0.47 0.29–0.78
   Control at work 0.86 0.74–0.98 0.81 0.67–0.99   
   Snuff users      3.46 1.35–8.84
   Psychiatric symptoms    3.53 1.53–8.15   
   Specific back diagnosis during follow up 18.9 8.9–40.1 11.4 5.43–23.7 26.6 10.4–67.9
  1. 1 Variables entered at step 1: age, farmer, workload, educational index, demands, control, body mass index, smoking, snuff use, alcohol consumption, psychiatric symtoms and specific back diagnosis during follow up.
  2. Adjusted ORs based on multiple logistic regression with backward removal of covariates with p < 0.10.