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Table 2 Outcomes at follow-up.

From: Effectiveness of low-Dye taping for the short-term treatment of plantar heel pain: a randomised trial

Outcome measure Group Adjusted mean difference (95% CI) P-value
  Taping – mean (SD) Sham – mean (SD)   
'First-step' pain* 41.4 (± 28.5) 54.0 (± 24.8) -12.3 (-22.4 to -2.2) 0.017
Foot painΨ 60.0 (± 22.0) 53.5 (± 21.0) 6.6 (-1.7 to 14.8) 0.117
Foot functionΨ 72.0 (± 21.9) 70.9 (± 25.0) 4.8 (-2.5 to 12.2) 0.193
General foot healthΨ 43.2 (± 27.7) 41.2 (± 27.4) -0.6 (-9.1 to 7.9) 0.885
  1. * Measured using a Visual Analogue Scale (0 to 100 mm – 0 is no pain and 100 is the worst pain)
  2. Ψ Measured using the Foot Health Status Questionnaire (0 to 100 – 0 is the worst foot health and 100 is the best foot health)
  3. Note: The Foot Health Status Questionnaire is 'reverse-scored' compared to the Visual Analogue Scale. In the results above, the negative ANCOVA adjusted mean difference for the comparison of 'first-step' pain favours taping because it has lower pain. In comparison, a positive score for the Foot Health Status Questionnaire domains favours the taping group.