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Table 11 Association between presence of LSMDs and pain & disability scores – normalised within-subjects model.

From: Lumbar segmental mobility disorders: comparison of two methods of defining abnormal displacement kinematics in a cohort of patients with non-specific mechanical low back pain

  VAS pain RM – 18
(n) Mean (sd) Mean diff. Sig. Mean (sd) Mean diff. Sig.
No LSMD (68) 4.0 (25.1) 0.4 6.4 (4.4) 2.7
Rotational LSR (11) 4.4 (29.3) .609 9.0 (4.4) .068
No LSMD (59) 4.1 (26.0) 0.1 6.5 (4.3) 1.9
Translational LSR (12) 4.2 (26.1) .962 8.3 (4.6) .179
No LSMD (68) 4.0 (25.1) -1.2 6.4 (4.4) -1.2
Rotational LSI (11) 2.8 (24.9) .305 5.2 (5.2) .578
No LSMD (59) 4.1 (26.0) 0.6 6.5 (4.2) -0.9
Translational LSI (8) 4.8 (26.8) .516 5.6 (5.2) .607
  1. Notes: LSMD = lumbar segmental mobility disorders; (n) = number in group; (sd) = standard deviation; Sig. = 2-tailed significance of independent samples t-test; VAS pain = visual analog scale pain score; RM-18 = 18 item modified Roland-Morris disability index score (Stratford et al. 1997); LSR = lumbar segmental rigidity; LSI = lumbar segmental instability