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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression analyses of associations between health status at baseline and persistent LBP at follow-up. Stratified for gender and adjusted for age.

From: Is comorbidity in adolescence a predictor for adult low back pain? A prospective study of a young population

  Females OR (95% CI) Males OR (95% CI)
Model 1
LBP-all, n = 3,223 1.78 (1.45–2.23) 2.04 (1.50–2.79)
Headache-all, n = 8,266 1.74 (1.08–2.79) 1.14 (0.78–1.66)
Asthma, n = 2,685 1.36 (1.10–1.69) 1.11 (0.80–1.53)
LBP-all + headache-all + asthma, n = 1,189 1.87 (1.46–2.39) 1.85 (1.25–2.75)
Model 2
LBP-long, n = 588 3.55 (2.60–4.83) 2.54 (1.53–4.20)
Headache-long, n = 591 1.55 (1.13–2.11) 2.40 (1.21–4.74)
Asthma, n = 2,685 1.37 (1.10–1.70) 1.12 (0.80–1.57)
LBP-long + headache-long + asthma, n = 81 4.22 (2.27–7.82) 6.56 (1.19–36.35)