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Table 4 Final model for associations between social background variables and LBP during military service (odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals). Statistically significant findings are indicated with bold typing.

From: Low back pain in military recruits in relation to social background and previous low back pain. A cross-sectional and prospective observational survey

N = 982 LBP n = 345 Leg pain n = 66 Exemption n = 65
IQ-score low 1.00 1.00 1.00
IQ-score medium 1.02 (0.68–1.52) 0.72 (0.37–1.42) 0.56 (0.27–1.17)
IQ-score high 0.99 (0.64–1.53) 0.33 (0.13–0.88)* 0.26 (0.09–0.79)*
Parents grade school 1.00 1.00 1.00
Parents high school 1.58 (1.06–2.34)* 1.25 (0.62–2.54) 1.17 (0.54–2.55)
Parents >12 years education 1.81 (1.20–2.72)** 1.19 (0.56–2.49) 1.22 (0.54–2.76)
Sedentary occupation 0.84 (0.59–1.20) 0.69 (0.36–1.33) -
Years of school - - 0.89 (0.71–1.10)
  1. *: p < 0.05, **: p < 0.01