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Table 4 Details of studies included in the systematic review

From: The effectiveness of extra corporeal shock wave therapy for plantar heel pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author Included in meta-analysis Local anesthetic to both groups Details of placebo/sub therapeutic dose Ultrasound guidance N Weighted mean difference – morning pain (95%CI) Timing of outcomes (weeks)
Abt et al [21] yes yes Absorbent block Not stated 32 2.00 (0.47 to 3.53) 19,32
Buch et al [27] yes yes Absorbent foil yes 150 0.70 (-0.26 to 1.66) 12
Buchbinder et al [10] yes no 6000 to 7500 vs 300 impulses yes 178 -0.50 (-1.55 to 0.55) 6,12
Cosentino et al [33] no no Not stated yes 60 Not available 4,12
Haake et al [11] yes yes Polythene foil barrier Not stated 272 0.50 (-0.31 to 1.31) 6,12, 52
Krischek et al [22] no no 1500 vs 300 impulses Not stated 50 Not available 6,12
Ogden et al [28] yes yes* Styrofoam block no 260 0.56 (-0.26 to 1.38) 4,8,12
Rompe et al [32] no no 3000 vs 30 impulses Not stated 119 Not available 12, 52
Rompe et al [30] no no 1 cm gap no 36 Not available 3,6,12,24
Rompe et al [31] no no Reflecting pad yes 45 2.60 (1.37 to 3.83) 26,52
Speed et al [12] yes no Focus outside patient yes 88 -0.36 (-1.66 to 0.94) 4,8,12,24
  1. * Local anaesthetic was used for both groups but was different for the placebo group and the treatment group.