Skip to main content

Table 5 Significant predictors of future sick leave due to any cause (Study group I)a and due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders (Study group II)b for factors related to health, work and leisure time respectively. Multiple regression analyses for each model.

From: Sick leave among home-care personnel: a longitudinal study of risk factors

  Study group I a Study group II b Study group I Study group II
Models (n = 443) OR
(95%CI)
(n = 274) OR
(95%CI)
P value P value
Predictors related to health     
- Low back disorders during the year before baseline 1.89
(1.20–2.97)
4.45
(1.27–15.77)
0.006 0.007
- Any sick leave during the year before baseline 0 days/≥1 days 6.40 (3.97–10.31)   <10-3  
- Sick leave during the year before baseline (other reasons than disorders of the neck, shoulder and/or back) < 9 days/≥9 days   3.30
(1.33–8.17)
  0.011
Predictors related to work     
- High strain work - 2.34
(1.05–5.23)
- 0.041
Predictors related to leisure time     
- High perceived physical exertion in domestic work - 2.56
(1.12–5.86)
- 0.026
  1. a All participants at baseline. b Participants who at baseline reported no sick leave due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders during the preceding 12 months and who also answered the questionnaire at the 18-month follow-up. OR = Odds Ratio. CI = 95% confidence interval. Odds Ratios are adjusted for age and intervention