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Table 4 Self-reported factors related to leisure time and associations with sick leave after 18 months due to any cause (Study group I)a and due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders (Study group II)b.

From: Sick leave among home-care personnel: a longitudinal study of risk factors

  Number observed Number observed Odds Ratio Odds Ratio P value P value
Variable Study gp I a
(n = 443)
N (cases)
Study gp II b
(n = 274)
N (cases)
Study gp I OR
(95%CI)
Study gp II OR (95%CI) Study gp I Study gp II
Physical activity and exercise       
- Physical activity and/or at least some exercise 422 (215) 261 (27)     
- No exercise and very little physical activity 17 (7) 12 (1) 0.67
(0.25–1.79)
0.77
(0.09–6.28)
0.418 0.805
Perceived physical exertion in domestic work [6c -20]       
- <13 285 (147) 180 (13)     
- ≥13 156 (77) 88 (15) 0.96
(0.65–1.44)
2.36
(1.05–5.31)
0.855 0.038
Perceived psychological stress outside work       
- No 305 (160) 185 (13)     
- Yes 137 (63) 88 (14) 0.79
(0.53–1.19)
2.40
(1.06–5.43)
0.253 0.035
Satisfaction with economy [1d-7]       
- >4 282 (138) 179 (19)     
- ≤4 157 (84) 93 (8) 1.29
(0.86–1.93)
0.77
(0.32–1.90)
0.218 0.577
  1. a All participants at baseline. b Participants who at baseline reported no sick leave due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders during the preceding 12 months and who also answered the questionnaire at the 18-month follow-up. Minimum and maximum values are presented within square brackets. c Best possible value. d Worst possible value. CI = 95% confidence interval. Odds Ratios are adjusted for age and intervention