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Table 3 Self-reported factors related to work and associations with sick leave after 18 months due to any cause (Study group I)a and due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders (Study group II)b.

From: Sick leave among home-care personnel: a longitudinal study of risk factors

  Number observed Number observed Odds Ratio Odds Ratio P value P value
Variable Study gp I a
(n = 443) N (cases)
Study gp II b
(n = 274) N (cases)
Study gp I OR
(95%CI)
Study gp II OR
(95%CI)
Study gp I Study gp II
Perceived physical exertion at work
[6c -20]
      
- <15 212 (102) 134 (12)     
- ≥15 229 (121) 140 (16) 1.21
(0.83–1.76)
1.33
(0.60–2.94)
0.318 0.487
Social support [1d-10]       
- >7.2 329 (168) 69 (9)     
- ≤7.2] 114 (56) 201(19) 0.94
(0.61–1.44)
0.77
(0.32–1.81)
0.770 0.54
Decision latitude [1d-10]       
- >6.2 311 (159) 86 (12)     
- ≤6.2 132 (65) 185 (16) 0.97
(0.64–1.46)
0.61
(0.27–1.37)
0.873 0.234
Psychological load [1d-5]       
- >2.6 303 (145) 183 (14)     
- ≤2.6 140 (79) 88 (14) 1.44
(0.96–2.17)
2.15
(0.97–4.77)
0.077 0.060
Strain (Decn-Latde + Psych load) [1d-15]       
- >8.8 321 (160) 194 (15)     
- ≤8.8 122 (64) 77 (13) 1.16
(0.76–1.76)
2.35
(1.05–5.26)
0.500 0.037
  1. a All participants at baseline. b Participants who at baseline reported no sick leave due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders during the preceding 12 months and who also answered the questionnaire at the 18-month follow-up. Minimum and maximum values are presented within square brackets. c Best possible value. d Worst possible value. CI = 95% confidence interval. Odds Ratios are adjusted for age and intervention