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Table 2 Self-reported factors related to health and associations with sick leave after 18 months due to any cause (Study group I)a and due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders (Study group II)b.

From: Sick leave among home-care personnel: a longitudinal study of risk factors

  Number observed Number observed Odds Ratio Odds Ratio P value P value
Variable Study gp I a (n = 443)
N (cases)
Study gp II b (n = 274)
N (cases)
Study gp I OR
(95%CI)
Study gp II OR (95%CI) Study gp I Study gp II
Anxiety [0c -21]       
- <8 332 (164) 217 (16)     
- ≥8 102 (55) 55 (11) 1.18
(0.76–1.85)
3.04 (1.31–7.06) 0.462 0.010
Neck disorders during the year before baseline       
- No 175 (79) 113 (10)     
- Yes 254 (137) 152 (16) 1.39
(0.94–2.06)
1.10 (0.47–2.55) 0.096 0.830
Shoulder disorders during the year before baseline       
- No 146 (67) 96 (10)     
- Yes 281 (147) 172 (16) 1.29
(0.86–1.93)
0.79 (0.34–1.85) 0.214 0.592
Low back disorders during the year before baseline       
- No 164 (64) 107 (4)     
- Yes 265 (152) 160 (22) 2.09 (1.40-3.12) 3.79 (1.26–11.44) <10-3 0.018
Study group I       
Any sick leave during the year before baseline       
- 0 days 162 (35)      
- ≥1 days 281 (189)   7.67
(4.86–12.12)
  <10-3  
Study group II       
Sick leave during the year before baseline (other reasons than disorders of the neck, shoulder and/or back)       
- <9 days   204 (16)     
- ≥9 days   70 (12)   2.64 (1.12–6.0)   0.021
  1. a All participants at baseline. b Participants who at baseline reported no sick leave due to neck, shoulder and/or back disorders during the preceding 12 months and who also answered the questionnaire at the 18-month follow-up. Minimum and maximum values are presented within square brackets. c Best possible value. CI = 95% confidence interval. Odds Ratios are adjusted for age and intervention