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Table 3 Abduction and external rotation evaluation of patients in Group I and Group II.

From: Does preoperative abduction value affect functional outcome of combined muscle transfer and release procedures in obstetrical palsy patients with shoulder involvement?

  Preoperative Abduction Postoperative Abduction Abduction Gain Preoperative External Rotation Postoperative External Rotation External Rotation Gain
Group I (n = 37) 62.5°# (20°–85°) 131.4° * (90°–165°) 68.9° ± 22.9 # (109%) 21.4° (0–80°) 82.6° * (30°–95°) 61.1° ± 23° (285%)
Group II (n = 9) 99.4°# (90°–110°) 140° * (110°–170°) 40.5° ± 16°# (49.5%) 33.2° (0–65°) 82.7° * (45°–90°) 49.5° ± 23.9° (149%)
  1. "*" sign represents significant difference between pre and postoperative values in the groups and "#" sign represents significant difference between Group I and Group II.