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Table 5 Univariate associations between neck and hand/wrist pain in past 12 months and self reported risk factors

From: Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in dentists

Self reported risk factors Neck pain OR (95% CI) Hand/wrist OR (95% CI)
Strenuous shoulder movements 1.74 (0.99 to 3.06) 3.90 (2.24 to 6.79) *
Often use of vibrating tools 1.72 (0.90 to 3.30) 2.24 (1.13 to 4.44) *
Strenuous back postures 1.41 (0.90 to 2.22) 1.89 (1.19 to 3.01) *
Repetitive shoulder/hand movements 1.75 (1.03 to 2.97) * 2.31 (1.33 to 4.01) *
High perceived exertion 2.45 (1.55 to 3.86) * 2.09 (1.33 to 3.27) *
High job demand 1.36 (0.88 to 2.10) 1.18 (0.76 to 1.81)
Low job control 1.82 (1.17 to 2.82) * 1.45 (0.94 to 2.24)
High need for recovery 1.95 (1.24 to 3.07) * 1.85 (1.18 to 2.90) *
Moderate perceived general health 3.10 (1.98 to 4.85) * 3.35 (2.14 to 5.24) *
  1. *x2 test, p < 0.05 OR = odds ratio; 95% CI = 95% confidence interval.