Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 5 Risk estimates of putative exposures (OR and 95%CI)

From: Is undergraduate physiotherapy study a risk factor for low back pain? A prevalence study of LBP in physiotherapy students

  N Lifetime LBP 12 month LBP 1 month LBP 1 week LBP
Age      
18 or less years 51 1 1 1 1
19 years 62 1.6 (0.7–3.4) 1.7 (0.8–3.5) 2.2 (0.9–5.0) 2.0 (0.8–5.1)
20 years 46 2.9 (1.2–7.2) 3.6 (1.5–8.7) 4.5 (1.9–10.8) 3.4 (1.3–9.0_
21 years 42 3.0 (1.2–7.6) 3.2 (1.3–7.6) 3.5 (1.5–8.5) 2.4 (1.0–6.5)
22 years 14 2.0 (0.6–7.4) 1.5 (0.4–4.9) 0.5 (0.1–2.5) 0.9 (0.7–4.8)
23+ years 35 2.0 (0.8–5.1) 2.1 (0.9–5.2) 3.1 (1.2–7.7) 2.5 (0.9–6.9)
Gender   0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.9 (0.5–1.6) 0.9 (0.5–1.5) 1.0 (0.5–1.7)
Occupational exposure      
Low 84 1    
Medium 83 1.4 (0.5–3.9)    
High 83 1.3 (0.8–1.6)    
Sports Exposure      
Low 84 1    
Medium 83 0.9 (0.4–1.8)    
High 83 1.2 (0.9–1.5)    
Length of study >1 175 2.4 (1.2–5.0) 2.3 (1.4–2.6) 2.0 (1.1–3.6) 1.2 (0.7–2.4)
Height >171 cm 172   1.1 (0.3–4.2)   
Weight >63 kgs 176   1.1 (0.5–2.2)   
BMI > 21.25 177   1.3 (0.7–2.2)   
Fitness      
Poor 29   1 1 1
Moderate 132   1.8 (0.8–4.1) 1.7 (0.6–3.7) 2.2 (0.8–6.1)
Good 89   1.6 (0.7–3.7) 1.3 (0.6–3.2) 1.7 (0.6–4.9)
Educational exposures      
>20 hrs sitting looking straight ahead 55    0.8 (0.5–1.4) 0.7 (0.4–1.3)
>20 hrs sitting looking down most of the time 58    2.4 (1.4–4.1) 1.7 (0.9–3.1)
>20 hrs practicing techniques on someone else 102    1.5 (0.9–2.7) 1.3 (0.7–2.4)
>20 hrs having techniques practiced on you 98    1.9 (0.9–3.6) 1.7 (0.8–3.4)
>20 hrs treating patients 126    1.9 (1.1–3.6) 2.1 (1.1–4.1)