3 months duration) whiplash. A secondary aim is to determine if pain severity, level of disability and fear of movement/(re)injury predict response to a physical activity program. Methods / Design This paper presents the rationale and design of a randomised controlled trial examining the effects of advice and individualized sub-maximal exercise programs in the treatment of whiplash associated disorders. Discussion This paper highlights the design, methods and operational aspects of a significant clinical trial in the area of whiplash and chronic pain."/>
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Table 1 Clinical Classification of Grades of WAD

From: Advice or exercise for chronic whiplash disorders? Design of a randomized controlled trial

0 No complaint about the neck. No physical sign(s).
I Neck complaint of pain, stiffness or tenderness only. No physical sign(s).
II Neck complaint AND musculoskeletal sign(s). Musculoskeletal signs include decreased range of motion and point tenderness.
III Neck complaint AND neurological sign(s). Neurological signs include decreased or absent tendon reflexes, weakness and sensory deficits.
IV Neck complaint AND fracture or dislocation.