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Table 2 The failure mode results.

From: Modeling of failure mode in knee ligaments depending on the strain rate

Author Failure mode Ligament tearing Avulsion & Tearing Avulsion
Viidik, et al I 10% 19% 71%
  I 9% 9% 82%
Noyes, et al 1974a I 29% 14% 57%
  III 66% 6% 28%
Noyes, et al 1974b III 60% 10% 30%
  II 44% 17% 39%
  II 45% 18% 36%
  III 64% 9% 27%
Alm, et al III 94% 6% 0%
Crownishiel, et al I 0% 7% 93%
  I or II 33% 17% 50%
  III 50% 25% 25%
  III 57% 29% 14%
Kennedy, et al III 100% 0% 0%
Noyes, et al 1976 I 15% 0% 85%
  III 100% 0% 0%
  III 100% 0% 0%
Woo, et al I 0% 0% 100%
  III 67% 33% 0%
Schenck, et al III 89% 0% 11%
  IV 0% 0% 100%
  III 56% 44% 0%
  V 44% 22% 33%