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Table 3 Univariate parameter coefficient estimates and P-values for the association between risk factors and the number of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in women

From: The association between iliocostal distance and the number of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in women and men registered in the Canadian Database For Osteoporosis and Osteopenia (CANDOO)

  No. Vertebral fractures No. Non-Vertebral Fractures
  Coefficient P-value Coefficient P-value
Age 0.034 <0.001 0.018 <0.001
Height -0.012 0.083 0.004 0.454
Weight -0.001 0.768 0.002 0.534
Iliocostal distance -0.271 <0.001 -0.115 <0.001
Menopausal status 0.516 0.003 0.305 0.015
Age at menopause 0.001 0.917 -0.006 0.405
Lumbar spine BMD -0.813 0.048 -0.722 0.026
Femoral neck BMD -3.069 <0.001 -1.901 <0.001
Trochanter BMD -3.381 <0.001 -2.415 <0.001
Ward's triangle BMD -2.928 <0.001 -1.951 <0.001
Prevalent vertebral fractures NA   0.310 0.002
Prevalent non-vertebral fractures 0.391 0.003 NA  
Currently smoking 0.018 0.759 0.049 0.258
Family history of fracture -0.158 0.305 0.121 0.272
Alcohol-beverages/week -0.013 0.529 -0.012 0.435
No. of falls -0.004 0.935 0.079 0.017
Calcium intake -0.000 0.499 0.000 0.536
Exercise -0.000 0.248 -0.000 0.895
Etidronate use 0.315 0.003 0.188 0.014
Alendronate use 0.250 0.009 0.062 0.366
Fluoride use 0.392 0.541 0.843 0.067
Raloxifene use -0.053 0.807 0.167 0.280
Hormone replacement use -0.069 0.551 -0.001 0.992
Corticosteroids use 0.113 0.308 -0.046 0.564
Calcium supplement use 0.302 0.006 0.107 0.171
Vitamin D supplement use 0.147 0.115 0.094 0.163
Lung diseasea 0.223 0.264 0.334 0.020
Liver diseaseb -0.068 0.866 -0.143 0.621
Thyroid diseasec -0.185 0.318 0.060 0.656
Cancerd 0.327 0.400 0.190 0.495
Visual impairment 0.136 0.526 0.174 0.258
Osteoporosis -0.109 0.409 0.002 0.982
Inflammatory bowel disease -0.634 0.091 0.618 0.022
Epilepsy 1.047 0.054 -0.175 0.656
Coronary disease 0.582 0.164 0.401 0.174
Cerebrovascular disease 1.042 0.002 1.016 <0.001
Rheumatoid arthritis 0.083 0.898 0.403 0.383
Diabetes 0.157 0.648 0.241 0.328
Kidney failure 0.115 0.700 0.200 0.352
  1. * BMD= bone mineral density, NA= not available. a Lung disease includes asthma, chronic bronchitis and other lung diseases. b Liver disease includes cirrhosis, hepatitis and cholangitis. c Thyroid disease includes hyper, hypo, nodule, and other. d Cancer includes breast, ovaries, cervix, uterus and colon.