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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women and men*

From: The association between iliocostal distance and the number of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in women and men registered in the Canadian Database For Osteoporosis and Osteopenia (CANDOO)

  Women n = 508 Men n = 41
Age-years (SD) 61.5 (11.3) 57.8 (12.4)
Height-cm (SD) 160.8 (9.6) 174.8 (18.3)
Weight-kg (SD) 67.8 (14.4) 86.2 (22.0)
Iliocostal distance-cm (SD) 4.2 (1.6) 4.6 (1.5)
Menopausal status-#post/#pre 424/78 NA
Age at menopause-years (SD) 47.3 (6.8) NA
Lumbar spine BMD-g/cm2 (SD) 0.867 (0.165) 0.918 (0.165)
Femoral neck BMD-g/cm2 (SD) 0.664 (0.112) 0.713 (0.124)
Trochanter BMD-g/cm2 (SD) 0.608 (0.107) 0.676 (0.123)
Ward's triangle BMD-g/cm2 (SD) 0.483 (0.133) 0.471 (0.155)
Currently smoking-# 64 6
Family history of fracture-# 122 12
Alcohol-beverages/week (SD) 1.4 (3.0) 5.5 (8.7)
Number of falls – min to max 0–12 0–4
Calcium intake-mg/d (SD) 539.0 (435.9) 553.5 (375.4)
Exercise-minutes/week (SD) 166.7 (165.9) 187.9 (293.0)
Etidronate use-# (%) 50 (9.8) 3 (7.3)
Alendronate use-# (%) 41 (8.1) 7 (17.1)
Fluoride use-# (%) 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
Raloxifene use-# (%) 9 (1.8) 0 (0.0)
Hormone replacement use-# (%) 146 (28.7) 0 (0.0)
Corticosteroids use-# (%) 77 (15.2) 8 (19.5)
Calcium supplement use-# (%) 366 (72.0) 16 (39.0)
Vitamin D supplement use-# (%) 173 (34.1) 10 (24.4)
Lung diseasea-# (%) 59 (11.6) 3 (7.3)
Liver diseaseb-# (%) 13 (2.6) 2 (4.9)
Thyroid diseasec-# (%) 69 (13.6) 0 (0.0)
Cancerd-# (%) 14 (2.8) 0 (0.0)
Visual impairment-# (%) 51 (10.0) 2 (4.9)
Osteoporosis-# (%) 187 (36.8) 13 (31.7)
Inflammatory bowel disease-# (%) 15 (3.0) 5 (12.2)
Epilepsy-# (%) 7 (1.4) 2 (4.9)
Coronary disease-# (%) 12 (2.4) 1 (2.4)
Cerebrovascular disease-# (%) 19 (3.7) 1 (2.4)
Rheumatoid arthritis-# (%) 5 (1.0) 0 (0.0)
Diabetes-# (%) 18 (3.5) 0 (0.0)
Kidney failure-# (%) 24 (4.7) 0 (0.0)
  1. * BMD= bone mineral density; SD= standard deviation; # = number of patients; %=percent of patients; NA= not applicable. a Lung disease includes asthma, chronic bronchitis and other lung diseases. b Liver disease includes cirrhosis, hepatitis and cholangitis. c Thyroid disease includes hyper, hypo, nodule, and other. d Cancer includes breast, ovaries, cervix, uterus and colon.