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Table 2 The reported reliability of the clinical tests used in the diagnostic procedure

From: Shoulder diagnoses in secondary care, a one year cohort

Test Inter rater reliability. ICC or Kohens kappa (K). (95% CI) or mean. Reference
Passive glenohumeral range of motion   
- External rotation 0.88-0.90, 0.87-0.93 [19, 20]
- Abduction 0.84-0.87, 0.85-0.98 [19, 21]
Isometric muscle tests   
- Abduction (empty can) 0.30-0.94 (K) [22]
- External rotation 0.37-0.90 (K) [23]
- Belly press 0.61 (K) [24]
Special tests   
Hawkins impingement test 0.18-0.91 (K), 0.38 (K) [22, 24]
AC joint palpation na, high specificity (0.73) [17, 24]
Apprehension test 0.31-0.47 [22]
Relocation test 0.31-0.71 [22]
O´Brien test 0.24-0.38 (K) [24]
Sulcus sign 0.60 [22]