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Table 5 VW shod running with inserted valgus wedges

From: Biomechanical and functional indicators in male semiprofessional soccer players with increased hip alpha angles vs. amateur soccer players

Variables Semiprofessional group mean SD Amateur group mean SD P value
Loading rate (bw/s) 97.1 45.5 62.2 12.2 0.01*
Peak tibial acceleration (g) 7.8 3.0 5 2.2 <0.01**
Median power frequency (Hz) 13.9 0.9 12.9 1.3 0.02*
Peak vertical force (bw) 2.7 0.3 2.5 0.3 0.01*
Peak horizontal force (bw) 13.8 3.5 13.2 2.4 0.58
Horizontal impulse (bw × s) 2.6 0.3 2.8 0.3 0.09
Maximum rearfoot motion (°) 9.0 2.9 11.5 2.8 0.03*
Peak pressure lateral heel (kPa) 690 349 513 183 0.11
Peak pressure medial heel (kPa) 516 257 617 229 0.28
Peak pressure lateral midfoot (kPa) 407 177 355 53 <0.05*
Peak pressure metatarsal head V (kPa) 377 193 433 88 0.34
Peak pressure metatarsal head III (kPa) 627 244 462 157 0.04*
Peak pressure metatarsal head I (kPa) 626 172 646 188 0.83
Peak pressure hallux (kPa) 528 271 518 241 0.94
  1. ** highly significant at P < 0.01, * significant at P < 0.05.