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Table 4 NW shod running without inserted valgus wedges

From: Biomechanical and functional indicators in male semiprofessional soccer players with increased hip alpha angles vs. amateur soccer players

Variables Semiprofessional group mean SD Amateur group mean SD P value
Loading rate (bw/s) 101.9 32.2 73.2 8.6 <0.01**
Peak tibial acceleration (g) 7.8 2.3 5.9 2.6 <0.05*
Median power frequency (Hz) 14.7 1.2 13.7 1.1 0.04*
Peak vertical force (bw) 2.7 0.3 2.5 0.3 0.03*
Peak horizontal force (bw) 14.5 3.6 14.1 2.5 0.76
Horizontal impulse (bw × s) 2.6 0.3 2.9 0.2 <0.01**
Maximum rearfoot motion (°) 8.5 2.6 10.9 3.1 0.04*
Peak pressure lateral heel (kPa) 735 294 743 189 0.93
Peak pressure medial heel (kPa) 657 377 719 263 0.62
Peak pressure lateral midfoot (kPa) 343 117 263 57 0.03*
Peak pressure metatarsal head V (kPa) 422 236 480 148 0.45*
Peak pressure metatarsal head III (kPa) 673 203 525 150 0.04*
Peak pressure metatarsal head I (kPa) 713 203 676 191 0.71
Peak pressure hallux (kPa) 581 224 533 266 0.68
  1. ** highly significant at P < 0.01, * significant at P < 0.05.